Friday Finds – 30th December

Friday Finds – 30th December

The start of each article is marked with an asterisk. Using the find/replace feature of your word processor, type in the asterisk (shift plus numeral eight) then hit enter to jump between articles.

1 How to Download Movies and Shows From Netflix for Offline Viewing
2 Many Happy Returns
3 Choosing a security camera, A roundup of options
4 The Cheese Challenge
5 Eight things you need to do right now to protect yourself online
6 Turn Off the Password Entry Requirement under Win8 or Win10
7 Rita’s iDevice Advice, BARD Express
8 Accessibility Lawsuits, Trolls, and Scare Tactics
9 Fabulous Frozen Friday!
11. Words of Wisdom

Articles start next
How to Download Movies and Shows From Netflix for Offline Viewing
Of course, there are caveats, too. Firstly, the option to download movies or shows isn’t available for the entire Netflix catalog yet, but rather a specifically curated subset. A large part of the offline catalog includes Netflix original shows (which, let’s be honest here, is some of the best stuff on Netflix anyway), along with some other select titles. I imagine the selection will continuously change, which should keep things fresh.
So, how do you get this new feature? It’s actually incredibly easy.
The first thing you need to do is make sure you have the latest version of the Netflix app on your respective device. These things often become available in staged rollouts, so if it’s not yet available on your account, you can wait a few days, or—in the case of Android, at least—find the APK and sideload it.
Once you have the app installed, it will be quick to let you know about the new feature as soon as you open it up. Front and center, baby.

You can always select “Find something to download” to get started, but if you happen to navigate away from that window, you can also open the menu by swiping in from the left side and selecting “Available for download.” This will show the entire offline catalog.
Before you start going download crazy, however, you should be aware of some of the new settings regarding downloads. You can choose to only download content on Wi-Fi (which is highly recommended, and on by default), as well as what quality to download. Unfortunately, Netflix isn’t very straightforward with the options, just “Standard” and “High.”As you can probably assume, Standard will take up less space, where High will eat up more. On my Pixel C, I could definitely see pixelation and artifacting with the “Standard” setting, but things cleared up quite a bit with “High.” I’m going to go out on a limb and guess that the latter is 720p, but there’s no documentation that directly states this.
The first time you open a title that has the download option available, Netflix will kindly let you know with a small popup.
Even after that window is gone, however, grabbing a show or movie is super easy: tap the download button right next to the episode name or below the movie description.
When the download starts, a progress bar will show up at the bottom of the screen. When it’s finished, a notification will appear letting you know it’s ready to go. On Android, you’ll also get a notification in the shade.

To access your downloaded content, slide the menu open (again, sliding in from the left) and select “My Downloads.
Movies will start playing as soon as you tap the entry, where shows will open a list of everything you’ve downloaded from that series. Tap on one of those entries to play it..

When you’re ready to delete an item, tap the icon in the upper right corner (on the My Downloads page)—it’s a pencil on Android, and reads “Edit” on iOS.

On Android, check boxes will show up next to the downloaded content—tap those boxes for the entries you’d like to remove.
On iOS, red Xs will show up next to the titles. Tap the X to remove the download.
Alternatively, if you’d like to remove all downloaded content, you can head back into the Settings menu by sliding in from the left and scrolling down to “App Settings,” then tapping the “Delete All Downloads” button.

And there are you have it: Netflix’s new offline feature in a nutshell.
There are several screen shots of functions explained in this article at this link.
Source: How to Geeks for Geeks
Cameron Summerson – December 1 2016

*2) Many Happy Returns
What to do with three extra coffee grinders and charming needlepoint
“Puppies in a Basket” throw pillow—gifts received and much appreciated, but not quite right in your mid-century modern pad?
Here are eight general tips to help make sure that all of your returns are happy.

1. Find the receipt. If this return is for a gift you received, and if at all possible, get the gift receipt from the gift giver. Things will go more smoothly if you can.
2. Do not dawdle. Return the unwanted item ASAP. Wait too long, and that lovely $75.99 deluxe mahjong set may be marked down to $7.99. And that’s what you’ll get in return.
3. Return the item in its original packaging. It should look exactly the way you received it. Points deducted for any signs you actually wore the sweater.
4. Make the choice. You may get a choice between a greatly reduced value in cash, or the full value in store credit. Take the credit.
5. Take the right card. If it’s a gift you bought (chartreuse? what were you thinking?!) make sure you have the original credit card you used for the purchase
6. Befriend the sales staff. Niceness counts. Employees sometimes use their discretion about whether to allow return/exchange transactions.
7. Avoid peak shopping hours so employees are less frazzled and more willing to work with you. If you hit a brick wall of resentment, try a different location. And remember—smile!
8. Do your homework. Know the retailer’s return policy and guidelines ahead of time. Take Amazon for example:
If you want to return a gift that you bought or you received that was purchased through Amazon, the steps are very specific and quite user-friendly—whether you made the purchase or it’s a gift you received that was purchased by someone else at Amazon. Just make sure that you follow these step-by-step instructions.

You may return most new, unopened items sold and fulfilled by Amazon a. within 30 days of delivery for a full refund.
b. During the holidays, items shipped by Amazon
between November 1 and December 31 can be returned until January 31.
c. Whether you purchased the gift or you received this gift, you will need the 17-digit order number (or “Order ID”) found on the left side of the packing slip. If you don’t have the packing slip, contact the Online Returns Center. They will ask for information to help them locate the order, such as the sender’s name, their e-mail
address, their phone number, and information about the item you wish to return.

If after following all of these tips and suggestions, for some reason you are unable to exchange, get a store credit, or cash back, don’t fret. There’s always the fine art of re-gifting, which I will be covering in
Source: Mary Hunt
Mailing address is:
Everyday Cheapskate
12340 Seal Beach Blvd.
Seal Beach, CA 90740

*3) Choosing a security camera: A roundup of options from ExtremeTech

In our articles on setting up your own security system, we’ve talked about how important it is to start with the right cameras for your needs. I’ve been testing out a wide-variety of models that cover most of the waterfront, to help give you an idea of where to start.

1. Samsung SmartCam HD Outdoor
Samsung has approached the design of an outdoor camera in a novel fashion, with the electronics and microSD slot in a small base station, that is in turn connected to the camera unit over a proprietary cable. This allows you to secure your recordings somewhere protected, and only have the relatively-small camera visible. It can run wired or wireless (other than power), but is not PoE, so you’ll need to have the base unit near an outlet. I’ve had two of these installed for nearly a year, and they provide solid 1080p video, and have been very reliable. My only gripe is that Samsung disabled official support for LAN streaming in a firmware upgrade, but fortunately it isn’t too hard to manually connect to their RTSP streaming port (554).

2. Generic ONVIF models (GW Security, Hikvision, Amcrest)
There are dozens of “generic” security cameras that support the ubiquitous ONVIF protocol. Don’t expect much in the way of user-friendly software or setup documentation if you buy one, but you can often get a great value this way. You’ll just need to configure them using whichever streaming software you are using. I’ve been using a 5MP model from GW Security for nearly two years, that can stream up to 1920p and costs about half as much as the Samsung. The one I selected supports PoE, so we only had to run a single cable through our wall to the outside. For those not familiar with PoE, it allows you to power devices over their Ethernet connection — but requires either a switch that supports it or a dedicated PoE injector. This particular model camera even comes with a zoom and its bright f/1.4 lens can be manually focused. You’ll want to be a little careful if you go with a generic model, and make sure that the specific one you select lets you change its admin login credentials, as security cameras have become a possible vector for malware.

If you are willing to go generic you can get a 5MP 1920p camera like this GW5061IP for under $150
Amcrest also makes some very-impressive and reasonably-priced cameras. Somehow they even manage to get motorized panning into a sub-$100 model with full 1080p HD support. I have been evaluating a couple of these as part of looking at DIY Home video monitoring and have been impressed by both the video quality and the two-way audio.
If you are interested in setting up your own video monitoring,
Read, “How to set up DIY video monitoring for home or office – subscription free” found here

However, I found the vendor’s own software pretty lame, so you’ll be much better off using it with your own monitoring software, either running on your NAS or your PC. I’ve been using them with Synology’s Surveillance Station.

3. Plug’n’Play options: Nest, Ring, Skybell, iSmartAlarm
For those who don’t want to set up their own system, there are some very popular options. Keep in mind that these devices typically require monthly subscriptions to look back at your recorded video. For general use, Google’s Nest Cam is by far the best-selling. It has taken a step back in user approval since the original Dropcam version was acquired by Google, but has been improving over time. The newest versions include an outdoor-ready model and sophisticated-cloud-based object detection.
If you want a camera to see who is coming to your front door, the Ring is both best-selling and very popular with its users. Some report that setup can be painful, but nearly everyone loves the result. The same is not true of its security camera product, which isn’t as popular with users. Skybell is a less-well-known company that provides an even-more-fully-featured alternative to Ring’s doorbell, and is also well-liked by users. Ring is working to set itself apart with cloud-based software features like its new neighborhood sharing capability. Users can share video of suspicious events with other Ring users who live within in a specified radius of their home. Ring’s new Pro model is smaller than the original and has full 1080p. However, it requires constant power, so you’ll need to use it to replace a wired doorbell, not just as a replacement for the peephole in your door. Battery-powered cameras in general wind up being fairly limited, unfortunately. I wanted to review Netgear’s new Arlo Pro for this article, but they couldn’t provide a review unit in time, so that will have to wait.
While iSmartAlarm primarily sells a DIY home alarm system, they also have a slick, stand-alone, camera offering, the Spot. It doesn’t have all the features of some of its competitors, but it is easy to use, streams to the company’s app, and automatically records 10-second videos whenever motion (or optionally sound) is detected. What sets the Spot apart is the video service is free, with no monthly subscription. I’ve been using one since they first launched as a Kickstarter, and it has worked well. The base is even magnetic, so it is easy to attach. It does require external power, but that is typical of most units that have night-vision capabilities.

4. EZVIZ: A hybrid option of commercial cameras with consumer software
The success of consumer-targeted solutions (and their relatively-high profit margins) hasn’t escaped the attention of commercial camera vendors. Chinese industrial giant Hikvision has created EZVIZ to offer its cameras with an integrated online subscription service. The cameras are full-featured, and well-constructed. Their motion detection and IFTTT integration worked well in my testing. However, the EZVIZ cloud service is still fairly rudimentary, and current pricing seems somewhat high ($5-$10/month/camera) — but the first year of 7-day cloud storage is free. Fortunately, even though direct LAN access isn’t officially supported, I found I could (like with the Samsung models) simply login and grab their video stream off port 554, and use them with my choice of software.
EZVIZ makes three models, including both indoor and outdoor versions, so consumers can use them to create a full system. The Mini Plus is a particularly-impressive combination of features in a tiny package. It has 1080p, 2-way audio, a microSD card, and motion detection, in a package about the size of a deck of cards. My only complaint about it is that the ball joint you use to swivel the camera on the base has very-limited travel, and the charging cable is routed out the front of the camera instead of the back. The less-expensive mini has a similar form factor — although with better rotation — but only supports 720p. Their Husky model is a very-well-built outdoor camera that produces an excellent 1080p image. Here too my only complaint relates to mounting. The camera can be run over PoE, but the Ethernet connector is not removable, and is quite large, so you need a hole nearly 3/4-inch through your outdoor wall (or a sealed connection to your Ethernet cable). You can also use it with the included charger, but the connector for that also needs to go through the wall. Note that EZVIZ is part of a company (Hikvision — one of the world’s largest supplier of video surveillance gear) that is partially-owned by the Chinese government, which may concern some buyers.

5. Working around a lack of static IP address
For any camera you want to monitor, it is simplest if you can give it a static IP address. However, some consumer cameras that assume you want a plug-n-play install with cloud-only access, don’t provide a way to set a static IP — EZVIZ, for example. They rely on DHCP. That’s normally fine, but if you want to make them part of a video monitoring network by streaming them to a server, it needs a stable IP address to work with. If you can’t set it on the camera, you can usually log in to your router and create a DHCP Reservation for the camera using its MAC address — so that it always receives the same IP address when it asks for one.

6. Ultra-wide lenses mean plenty of distortion
If you’re used to the carefully-controlled image outputs from high-end video cameras, or even the corrected ones that come out of your smartphone, you won’t get that from typical security cameras. Their relatively-inexpensive wide-angle lenses do a good job with resolution, but they also have plenty of barrel distortion. For the most part, that shouldn’t matter if you are using them for security, but if you are hoping to get some other type of footage from them, you may find yourself needing to do some heavy post-processing.

7. Some personal choices about privacy
Looking at the various cloud-based solutions, there is more-or-less a choice of Samsung, Google, Chinese-owned companies, or little-known startups. Even if you choose a startup like Ring, it is quite likely that it will be part of Google or some other large corporation before long — as happened with Dropcam. Personally, at least for interior security, it makes me happy that I have my own LAN-based solution, and the video doesn’t have to leave the premises unless I need to look at it remotely.
The good news is that there are now dozens of models of cameras suitable for video monitoring and home security, with just about any combination of features you need. We’ve only had room to cover a few of them here, so if you have a favorite we missed please let us know about it in the comments. At this link.

Visuals – screen shot links to all of the cameras mentioned in this article are available for viewing at this link.
Author: David Cardinal from “Extreme Tech” December 29 2016
(Note: URL’S inserted by dan.)

*4) The Cheese Challenge
(This article is just to share fome interesting information, and not expressing my support for or against raising of cattle in “Friday Finds.”)

“Ethical” Cheese Is Hard to Come By
Vegetarianism is on the rise. Ac-cording to a 2008 survey published by Vegetarian Times magazine, 3.2% of American adults follow a vegetarian diet and another 10% follow a vegetarian-inclined diet, most of them for concerns about animal welfare. Yet many of them eat cheese.
It turns out that suffering-free cheese is nearly impossible to come by. The devil is in the details. Cheese is the product of coagulating (curdling) the milk protein casein. The milk is first acidified by adding vinegar, or more often bacteria, to convert the sugars into the lactic acid needed to form the softer curds characteristic of fresh cheeses like cottage or cream cheese. More rubbery, lower-moisture, aged cheeses, like Swiss or cheddar, require the addition of enzymes to achieve the desired taste and texture.
The Matter of Milk
The problem for sympathetic vegetarians begins with the sourcing of milk. In factory farming dairies, milk cows are typically dosed with bovine growth
hormone (BGH)
Read more on this topic at the following link.

BVH is used to push milk production to 70 pounds per day or more. BGH promotes mastitis, a painful inflammation of the udder. Then there’s routine dosing with antibiotics to compensate for the spread of diseases on giant, crowded feedlots.

According to People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), the natural life span of dairy cows is 20-25 years but they are slaughtered at four or five years because they are lame from confinement or otherwise “used up.” The day-to-day treatment of cows would appear at first glance better in organic dairy operations, in part because BGH and antibiotics are prohibited (suggesting conditions don’t require them). And new organic standards dictate that, weather permitting, ruminants have access to pasture at least a third of the year and derive, at minimum, 30% of their sustenance from grazing.
Kayla Koenings, spokesperson for Organic Valley, the nation’s largest producer of organic milk,
says their milk cows are generally allowed to live a few years longer than those on factory farms but are still slaughtered for beef well before the end of their natural lives. A spokesperson for Horizon Organic, another major producer of organic dairy products, confirmed the same.
And there is still the issue of what happens to male calves. Milk cows have to be re-impregnated about once a year to maintain milk production, and only the female calves have value as replacement milk cows. In factory farms, male calves are slated for veal production or castrated without painkillers, fattened to maturity and slaughtered.
Within an organic dairy cooperative like Organic Valley, the preference is to rear the male calves within the cooperative of organic farms until they are mature and ready for slaughter, but Koenings admitted there is no guarantee that male calves are not sold for veal. The same holds true for Horizon Organic farms.

As awareness of the treatment of veal calves has spread among the American public, per capita veal consumption has dropped over 90% from a peak of 3.5 pounds in 1975 to 0.3 pounds in 2008, according to U.S. Department of Agriculture statistics. Cheese consumption, by contrast, more than doubled over this same period, exceeding 30 pounds per capita in 2008. PETA’s take on organic diary farms is that cows are sometimes subject to even more cruelty than on conventional farms. Bruce Friedrich, a PETA spokesperson, points out that antibiotic prohibition creates pressure to withhold medication which would ease the pain of mastitis and other infections. He also claims that the tighter profit margin under which organic farms often operate means animals that are sick or in pain are sometimes left to suffer longer than on conventional farms.
Friedrich also emphasizes that organic dairy cows endure the same stresses of forced yearly re-impregnations and having their calves taken away as do their non-organic counterparts. As to the connection between milk products and veal, he states, “Every veal calf had a dairy cow mother, so there is a hunk of veal in every glass of milk.”
Enzyme Ethics
Cheesemaking is thought to predate recorded history, and by Roman times cheeses were a dietary staple in some parts of the world. Until the 1980s, the enzymes used in aged cheeses were derived entirely from the stomach linings of very young calves. While still milk-fed, their stomachs produce ample amounts of the enzyme chymosin (or rennin), a reliable cheese-ager. In the U.S., only 3% of cheese produced is still made with calf rennet, according to Mark Johnson, Ph.D., a cheese expert from the Wisconsin Center for Dairy Research.

Europe’s percentage is higher, thanks to its abundance of artisan cheeses. All of the animal welfare issues that have come to light with respect to veal production apply to cheeses made with calf rennet because rennet and veal are two sides of the same industry.
For the other 97% of U.S. cheeses, milk coagulation is accomplished with enzymes from one of two microbial sources, one of which is genetically modified and responsible for the vast majority of cheeses at the local grocery store. Many of these cheeses still contain animal derivatives in their fermentation process, except those that have been kosher-certified.
Label Limits
Cheese label ingredients will list “enzymes,” but it is rare that they will identify the enzyme’s source as animal or microbial. And they will almost certainly not specify when the microbial organism was genetically modified.
So what do cheese labels tell us? If it’s labeled “kosher” and made in the U.S., the cheese was fermented without animal enzymes, though it may still contain milk from factory-farmed cows. Otherwise, only cheese labeled “vegan” has no animal ingredients. For greater insight, check the manufacturer’s website or call the company. Or consider the merits of faux cheese made from soy, almonds or rice, though you’ll still need to check to make sure it is casein (dairy)-free. After melting and taste-testing four top brands, the site concluded that vegan cheddar and mozzarella shreds made primarily from tapioca or arrowroot flour combined with various oils from Daiya had both the flavor and melt-ability to stand up to their dairy counterparts.
See more about Daiya here:
Author: Trudy Hodenfield
Writer for E magazine

*5) Eight things you need to do right now to protect yourself online

Most of us probably know or use many of the suggestions in this article but a few may be new or of use. Practicing good password protocols is a good place to start and using a good password manager can help if you have more than a few passwords to remember. They are also good at generating strong passwords.
View more information here:

Some things, like two factor authorization, aren’t that useful if you don’t have cell phone or live in an area where coverage is spotty and/or unreliable, or if you travel often. The article mentions full disc encryption – if you have Windows, they suggest BitLocker but they fail to mention that BitLocker is only available in Pro and up versions of Windows. Not to worry though, we’ve got you covered with our Best Free Drive Encryption Utility selections found here:

It’s also a good idea to install anti-ransomware on your system. This is a good free program for Windows users: Bitdefender Anti-Ransomware.

For more Windows security, see Gizmo’s Daily Best Free Windows Desktop Software Security List.

Now on with the featured article below.

By Alex Hern writer for Technology | The Guardian
December 30 2016

1. Use unique passwords for all your accounts
What: Stop kidding yourself that you only re-use passwords on accounts that don’t matter, or that you have an unbreakable password scheme that no one else can guess. Every single thing with a password needs to have a unique password, shared with nothing else.
Why: Services get hacked, with entire databases of passwords published in the open. People get “phished”, tricked into entering their passwords into shady imitations of the sites they intended to visit. If this happens, you want to limit the damage, ensuring that only one site gets breached, Unless you absolutely categorically have a reason not to …

2. Use a password manager
What: Software like LastPass (free) or 1Password ($2.99/month or $49), which will store your passwords, generate secure random ones for you, and sync them across multiple devices.

How It Works – LastPass

Why: If you can memorise all your passwords, you can almost guarantee that they aren’t varied enough to be secure. A password manager may feel like putting all your eggs in one basket, but it’s a padded secure basket kept up-to-date by the best minds in the basket business, and what you’re doing right now is more like juggling the eggs above your head while blindfolded.
How: Download the password manager, install it on your desktop (you can do mobile later), and start running it. You don’t even have to change your passwords all at once: the manager will notice when you log in, and ask you whether you want to save the new password. That should be your cue to create a new one.

3) Use random passwords
What: Once you’ve got your password manager, use it to generate secure random passwords for you, rather than trying to invent your own.
Why: You aren’t as random as you think, and “brute forcing” passwords – systematically trying every variation until you succeed – is getting quicker at the same rate computers are. If you have a handy method for creating passwords, like “take the first letter of every word in a line of poetry”, then someone else has probably also realised the same thing, and written a programme to automatically guess those passwords. Try checking out this Google search for “tbontbtitq” or try searches of your own. or, “to be or not to be, that is the question”)

if you don’t believe me.
How: You’ve already got your password manager set up, yes? Even if you haven’t, some browsers will do it for you. Apple’s Safari, for instance, will happily generate random passwords when signing up for new accounts, then store them in iCloud Keychain.

4. Turn on two-step verification everywhere you can
What: Many services, including Facebook, Google, Twitter, Tumblr and more, let you enable two-step verification, also known as two-factor authentication. As well as a password, you need to prove you have access to a second trusted device, normally a phone, to log on. How you prove that varies: sometimes a text is sent, sometimes you use a special app, sometimes you just hit a notification on your phone.

Why: Two-step verification prevents a third-party from logging in to your accounts even if they have managed to steal your password. It’s an added layer of security, which makes it very difficult indeed to hack in to protect accounts.
How: Every service has a different method for enabling the process, which hurts take-up, but handy resource Turn On 2FA will walk you through it for all the sites you use.

5. Update your software
What: Most software has an automatic update function. Use it.
Why: Most hacks are carried out by attacking software using weaknesses that were known, and fixed, long ago. It’s like we’ve invented vaccines, but you’re still catching smallpox. Particular focus should be paid to your operating system, web browser, and Adobe Flash.
How: Enable automatic updates.

6. Put a six-digit PIN on your phone and set it to wipe if it’s guessed wrongly too many times

On an iPhone, open settings, hit Touch ID & Passcode, flick on Erase Data, and click Change Passcode to set it to a six-digit PIN.

How: On an iPhone, open settings, hit Touch ID & Passcode, flick on Erase Data, and click Change Passcode to set it to a six-digit PIN. Almost every Android is different, but look for a “security” menu in the settings app, sometimes under “personal”. Then, head to the “lock screen” menu to enable the auto-erase feature.

7. Enable full-disk encryption

What: Your phone has the ability to require a PIN before it is unlocked it. Use it.

Why: If your phone gets taken while it’s unlocked, there’s not much you can do. But if it’s locked when it gets stolen, you can prevent the bad loss of hundreds of pounds of technology from turning into the loss of enough personal data to have your identity stolen too.
How: On an iPhone, open settings, hit Touch ID & Passcode, flick on Erase Data, and click Change Passcode to set it to a six-digit PIN. Almost every Android is different, but look for a “security” menu in the settings app, sometimes under “personal”. Then, head to the “lock screen” menu to enable the auto-erase feature.
7. Enable full-disk encryption
What: Your computer’s hard drive can be set to automatically encrypt when it’s turned off.
Why: You think the risk of identity theft is bad when your phone is stolen, just think what happens when your computer is lifted.
How: On a Mac, enable FileVault ; on Windows, turn on BitLocker

8. Back-up to an external hard drive
What: Everything on your computer should be stored on a physically separate hard drive under your possession. Ideally, everything on your phone should be stored on your computer which should then be etc etc.
Why: If the worst happens, and you lose everything, you need to be able to restore. This could happen because of a ransomware attack, because someone decided to personally ruin your life, or just because of a literal lighting strike. Cloud storage will help, but cloud platforms go bust unexpectedly, are just as vulnerable to hacking, and have an annoying tendency to “mirror” your computer – meaning something deleted from your local storage can be deleted from the cloud at the same time.
How: Buy a cheap USB hard drive. If you use a Mac, just leave it plugged in and enable Time Machine; if you have a Windows PC, plug it in and
follow the instructions found at this link that apply to your situation.

Source: The Guardian
Author: Alex Hern
December 2016

*6) To Turn Off the Password Entry Requirement under Win8 or Win10
Note: Anybody who turns the computer on can get into the desktop screen directly if there is only one account on the computer. If there is more than one then they can get access to the desktop by selecting any account that has password login turned off.
Please follow the below steps to skip the password entry screen for a specific account:
1. Open the Run Command box by simultaneously pressing Windows Key and R keys (Windows Key+R). In the Run dialog box, type Netplwiz and then press Enter key.
OR Open a Command Prompt window and enter the command: control userpasswords2 and hit Enter.
2. You will be presented with the User Accounts dialog, select the user account for which you wish to turn off password login and then uncheck the checkbox labeled Users must enter a user name and password to use this computer.
3. Click Apply button to see Automatically sign in box.
4. On the “Automatically sign in box” confirm your credentials and then click OK. Restart the computer and check.
Steps 3 and 4 are critical. If you omit them you will not have the password login turned off and everything will remain as it had been.
CAUTION: If you do the above, and decide to change your password, make sure you follow the instructions above to change it as outlined above before you restart your computer again or you will have effectively locked yourself out, as your automatic sign in will fail because it still has your old password.
Author: Joseph Lee

*7) Rita’s iDevice Advice for December 26, 2016: “BARD Express”
The National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped (NLS) Braille and Audio Reading Download (BARD) “BARD Express,”
The National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped (NLS), Library of Congress, has accepted the donation of “BARD Express,” a Windows-based software program that will aid in the use of the NLS Braille and Audio Reading Download (BARD) service. The free software will be available to patrons of the NLS program in December 2016.
“BARD Express will make browsing BARD audio materials, downloading titles, and transferring them to a cartridge or USB drive much easier for patrons using a PC.” said NLS director Karen Keninger. “We hope it will make the thousands of books available on BARD readily accessible to more patrons.”
BARD Express was the brainchild of Kirk Saathoff, a software developer whose wife and son are patrons of the NLS braille and talking book program and frequent users of BARD. “For years, I watched my wife sometimes become a bit annoyed with her computer, and I know [most] software is designed without regard for people with disabilities,” Saathoff said. “My hope in developing this software was that it would allow more people to enjoy books while minimizing the time and frustration involved in accessing them.”
BARD Express manages audio materials that users download to their computer and categorizes the materials by books, magazines, read items, and unread items for easy sorting. The program also simplifies downloading and transferring talking books to a cartridge or USB drive by providing a button that unzips and transfers the files to an external storage device. It also provides device management options from the main menu.
Don Olson, BARD operations manager at NLS said, “BARD Express enables NLS patrons to more easily unzip the books they download from BARD. Gone are the days of having to carry out multiple file management steps in order to place a book or magazine on an NLS cartridge or a USB drive.”
Olson explained that BARD Express “provides step-by-step menus to more easily move books from a PC to a patron’s device of choice.” The program will simplify searching for titles on BARD by presenting various searching and browsing options from the main menu, such as search by series, search by keyword, browse the recently added and most popular lists, and browse the magazine collection.”
According to Olson, NLS plans to release the software, along with support resources—such as a BARD Express “how-to” video series, Frequently Asked Questions about BARD Express, and a Getting Started Guide for supporting library staff in the network of cooperating libraries. A link to the download site for the new free, software will be provided on BARD in December 2016.
Users of the NLS BARD service will thoroughly enjoy BARD Express. This is a new PC program that makes downloading BARD books easier and at the same time adds multiple actions for the experienced user. No more needing to use the web to get books!
What is BARD Express
BARD Express provides NLS patrons with an easy way to access BARD. Use BARD Express to browse thousands of audio books and magazines, download them to your Windows-based computer, and transfer them to an NLS cartridge. BARD Express simplifies the process by providing a menu-driven interface, reducing the need to memorize a complex set of keyboard commands. What does this mean? BARD Express can be used with as few as four keys, while providing advanced functionality for the more adventurous user.
Learn more about BARD Express by checking out the Frequently Asked Questions <>
or by browsing the BARD Express Continuous User Guide <> .
If you’re already running BARD Express, access the help topics by pressing F1.
How to get BARD Express
You can visit the link below and directly under the heading entitled:
How to get BARD Express
There is a download link to the BARD Express Program.
To download BARD Express, do the following:
1. Locate the link for downloading mentioned above.
2. Click the right mouse button and select “save target as”
” or from the key board, press the application key. Then arrow down to “save target as” and hit enter.
3. Press shift plus tab twice and navigate to the location where you wish the file to go. Usually IE will download a file into downloads. However, if you have download something and put it in a different directory, IE will chose that location again. So I always make sure my downloads are in a folder I have chosen.
4. Once selecting a location for the download to be placed, press alt plus the letter s. Your anti-virus software may say, “running security scan.” This is just fine.
After saving it to your computer, locate the file and open it. Follow the on-screen instructions to complete the installation process. If you have questions contact your regional library.
Visit the link below for screen shots of menus.
Please direct all BARD Express support related questions to A BARD Support Team member will contact you regarding your query.
Welcome to the home page for BARD Express. Here you will find everything you need to know about using BARD Express.
BARD Express provides NLS patrons with an easy way to access BARD. Use BARD Express to browse thousands of audio books and magazines, download them to your Windows-based computer, and transfer them to an NLS cartridge. BARD Express simplifies the process by providing a menu-driven interface, reducing the need to memorize a complex set of keyboard commands. What does this mean? BARD Express can be used with as few as four keys, while providing advanced functionality for the more adventurous user.
Learn more about BARD Express by checking out the Frequently Asked Questions <> or by browsing the BARD Express Continuous User Guide

<> . If you’re already running BARD Express, access the help topics by pressing F1.
How to get BARD Express
Download BARD Express <> . After saving it to your computer, locate the file and open it. Follow the on-screen instructions to complete the installation process. If you have questions contact your regional library.

*8) Accessibility Lawsuits, Trolls, and Scare Tactics
By Karl Groves
Published December 19, 2016
(notification of this article availability, Flying Blind Newsletter, Thursday December 29 issue)

There has been a lot of discussions in Web Accessibility circles around “ADA Trolls” this year. The massive uptick in web-accessibility related lawsuits that began around October 2015 is certainly a new trend in this space.

While lawsuits around web accessibility are certainly not new, the frequency and volume we’ve seen in 2016 definitely is.

A few days ago, 60-Minutes aired a segment on what they refer to as “Drive-by Lawsuits“. In reaction, Lainey Feingold framed the segment on 60-Minutes as a “Hit Piece” – and rightly so, in my opinion, because it gave the impression that people with disabilities are being used as dupes for unscrupulous lawyers.
Not even a few days old, the 60-minutes segment is already being used to argue against making websites accessible

There are a lot of scum bag lawyers taking advantage of these laws and are actively going after small businesses that are “not in compliance”.
David Bekhour’s response to the 60-Minute segment Anderson Cooper: What Were You Thinking? is a must-read, but I’d like to also throw a few brief thoughts into the mix.

The Objective Facts about Drive-by Lawsuits and Trolling

In the United States, a few dozen ADA-related lawsuits are filed in US Federal Courts every day. (Search PACER for Case Type: 446 American with Disabilities and 42:12101 Americans w/ Disabilities Act (ADA)) for a list.
Public Access to Court Electronic Records (PACER) is an electronic public access service that allows users to obtain case and docket information online from federal appellate, district, and bankruptcy courts, and the PACER Case Locator. PACER is provided by the Federal Judiciary in keeping with its commitment to providing public access to court information via a centralized service.

If you were to download a full list of all of those lawsuits, you’d begin to see a handful of names appear repeatedly throughout the list. Some of those repeat names will be Plaintiffs’ attorneys. Some of those repeat names will be the plaintiffs themselves.
Making a judgment about which of the law firms listed are engaging in “drive-by” lawsuits simply by their frequencey of appearance would be making a hasty assumption. Law firms or even individual lawyers within law firms often specialize in specific practice areas. For instance, when my wife and I needed a lawyer to deal with our daughter’s IEP stuff,
Checkout ” Five Lessons Learned from the IEP Process”

we went to a lawyer who specialized in that area. It would be silly for me to hire that same lawyer for doing contract negotiation stuff for Tenon, because that’s not her area of expertise. Similarly, there are lawyers who specialize in Disability Rights. There’s even a
Disability Rights Bar Association

The Disability Rights Bar Association (DRBA) was started by a group of disability counsel, law professors, legal nonprofits and advocacy groups who share a commitment to effective legal representation of individuals with disabilities.
The lawyers listed in PACER as having filed the suits are likely to simply be doing what lawyers do for any other type of lawsuit. Lawyers, at least in my experience, are generally not quick to file suit. Some are, of course, but usually there’s a lot of other stuff that has happened before the suit was filed. Strategically-speaking trying to resolve a conflict before filing the suit is a much smarter approach to victory. Simply put: there’s no reason to believe that a plaintiff’s lawyer is engaged in “drive-by lawsuits” simply because a firm that specializes in disability rights has filed a lawsuit.
When it comes to the named plaintiffs themselves, that might be trolling. Looking at the list of lawsuits, you will see certain plaintiff’s names very frequently. Some law firms file suit on behalf of the same plaintiffs over and over. The 60-Minutes piece discusses some of this, and I have to admit that this definitely gives the impression of unscrupulousness.

The missing pieces to truly understanding the situation
• There is an average of 24 ADA-related lawsuits filed per day, which puts the annual number around 9000.
• From a strictly statistical basis, ADA-related lawsuits account for less-than-1% of civil lawsuits in the United States.
• There are around 42,000 lawyers in the United States.

• There are an estimated 39,737,900 people with disabilities in the United States.

• In 2016 there were 1280 distinct plaintiffs/ plaintiff parties in ADA related lawsuits. Of those, 129 filed more than 10 lawsuits. 24 plaintiffs filed more than 50 suits.
• There are around 1,100,000 retail locations
• and around 600,000 restaurants in the United States.

In other words, even if we assume that each Defendant in the ADA suits was unique, less than 0.5% of retail businesses or restaurants were sued in 2016. They were sued by 0.003% of the population of people with disabilities. No matter how you use the numbers above, there’s no support for any claim of an epidemic of ADA lawsuits sweeping the country. Yes, there are some people who are clearly trolls. I think it is safe to say that the folks who’ve filed > 50 lawsuits this year are probably trolling. They account for 1.8% of the plaintiffs. On that basis alone, 60-Minutes should be ashamed for being sensationalist in its reporting.
I realize the above doesn’t address the epidemic of threats and shakedown letters around Web Accessibility over the past year.
No data exists to provide exact numbers on this activity, but I assume less than 1000 of those demand letters have been sent. Even if we doubled that to 2000, that’s still around 0.01% of the websites in the United States.

Accessibility Matters
Since my site is mostly about web accessibility: If you don’t have to use the Web with a screen reader or without a mouse, you really don’t know what it is like for people with certain disabilities to try use most websites. If you don’t believe what I say about the difficulties, unplug your mouse for the day. Still not convinced? At Tenon, we’ve been inspired to do some investigating into error patterns and will be sharing some of our findings at CSUN 2017.

Nater Kane and I will be presenting on Data-Mining Accessibility: Research into technologies to determine risk and Job van Achterberg will discuss Automatica11y: trends, patterns, predictions in audit tooling and data based on data from the world’s top websites. Below are just a taste of the findings that will be shared at CSUN:
1. There are nearly 70 automatically detectable issues on each page of the web – before accounting for contrast issues
2. Color contrast issues are, by far, the most pervasive issues
3. 28% of all images on the web have no alt attribute at all.
4. Another 15% of alt attribute values are completely worthless things like “graphic”
5. role attributes, when used, are equally likely to be used wrong – for arbitrary string values that have no basis at all in the ARIA specification
6. 81% of buttons on the web have no useful text for their accessible name
Beyond raw numbers, it is important to remember that this is a civil rights issue and accessibility both in the physical world and on the Web is, in a word: abysmal. There is no epidemic of people with disabilities going from website to website suing people. The epidemic is that we’re 19 years after the formation of the Web Accessibility Initiative and yet developers at the largest websites in the world can’t figure out the alt attribute or how to put meaningful text in buttons.
Because if you do get sued, nobody will have pity on you for doing subpar work.
Give this article a read.
“Some tough love: Stop the excuses, already.” By
Karl Groves

*9) Fabulous Frozen Friday! In the Campbell Kingdom! | Campbells World
My Seeing Eye Dog
(This is such an awesome dog story, I had to include it. I can really picture Patty’s Dog, Campbell and her morning with him. I Patty’s discription of weather, crunching frozen leaves and Campbell’s reactions gave me the feeling of sharing in her day. Thanks Patty for making my frozen Friday morning not be so cold.)
” Good morning CAMPBELLSWORLD VISITORS! Campbell and I are way glad you’ve stopped by, and we invite you to grab a cup of your favorite morning brew, pull up a comfy chair, and set a spell with us. Because as is our way, we’ve got a great little story to share. It’s already been such a great morning, that we just really have to spread the happiness and love we feel around a bit, so we really do hope you’ll hang out just a bit with us.
This morning we woke round 5:20 or so with the wind whining cold and lonely, and wanting in. Campbell gave a big puffy Sneeze at it as he woke himself with a wiggly waggly jingly jangly shake, making a big thunk! As he leapt joyfully from his place on the foot of my bed. His joyful attitude upon waking is so infectious you cannot help but to enjoy the morning no matter how early or cold it may begin. To me these are indeed some of the best times he and I share, and how anyone wakes without such joy in their life is beyond me. It also escapes me as to how people can say to me that I should have gotten over my amazement at it all. I have always believed that the day I wake up and stop being amazed by these most awesome beasts is the day I simply need to hang up the harness, and go back to using a cane, but of course this like everything here is only my opinion.
As we made our way into the kitchen we played and loved together. Campbell obediently took his place just outside the kitchen door as I gave him the “Down! And Rest!” Commands, and waited patiently as I went about the morning tasks of scooping food into his food dish, and filling his huge water bowl full of fresh cold water. He remained there as I passed him and sat the bowls back into their places, and then attacked his food with delight after I released him from rest, and gave permission to do so.
As I went about the business of brewing coffee, and wrapping myself into my heavy coat, he finished his breakfast, and when I went into the living room to put on my socks and shoes, I found him lying quietly beside the living room door. I praised him for doing so without my having told him to and I talked quietly with him about the morning plans I had for us as I finished readying myself to go out. I knew it was cold, but I don’t really think either of us were quite prepared for the frigid gusts of wind that hit us as we burst forth into the early morning.
Campbell however did not agree with my feeling that it was a frozen frigid morning, and that we should hurry and get back inside. Oh! No! He felt that it was absolutely perfect weather for a leisurely morning sniff fest, and I, knowing how very much he loved this time of day, and kind of weather could not deny him, and so after wrapping his leash securely round my wrist, and stuffing my hands into my coat pockets we were off. As it turned out, I did not regret my decision.
Campbell sniffed, and snuffed, taking his time to pick the very best relief spots, and making sure to check out all the places my upstairs family’s dogs had left messages for him. As we made our way round the house, and into the front yard, he stopped at the corner and took a long sniff of the strong frigid wind which was blowing right into his face. I laughed and as I patted his big furry head I asked, “Bubba, how come you can stand there with that fierce wind blowing right into your face, and wag your tail, but when I work you down the street and it blows into your face you complain?” All I got for an answer was a big snort. I had to laugh as we went crunching through the frozen swirling leaves underneath Grandmother tree, and as we made our way back into the house a few minutes later I felt awake, alive, and very well.
As I threw off my coat and shoes a moment or two later, Campbell went running in crazy circles round me, banging his tail onto everything as he went. He grabbed his chewy and began shoving it at me making “GRR GRR!” Noises as he went. After he’d played himself out he went and made himself comfortable in “my favorite chair” and set about the task of cleaning his feet, and preparing for a long winter’s nap. I started to make him move, but decided instead to let him have his way, and after making myself a cup of strong hot coffee, with sweet cream tried to settle down onto the loveseat and read my morning mail. For whatever reason, try as I might I simply could not make myself comfortable, and after just a few minutes of complete discomfort decided the King would simply have to remove himself from “my chair.” This, however was not as easy as I’d thought it would be. Oh yes, I could have forced him out, but the way in which this happened was to me much better.
After gathering all my things, and putting them onto the table next to “my chair” I petted the big galoot’s head and said softly, “Bubba might I have my chair?” All I got in reply was, “Z Z Z Z Z Z!” I patted, and asked. I spoke a little more firmly and asked, but still he snored. Finally I decided I needed the necessary, and I swear I heard him sigh in triumph as I left the room. I decided that when I was done I would reclaim “my chair.”
As I made my way back a few minutes later, I realized my cup was already almost half empty and so made a quick detour into the kitchen, and this is when I once again became amazed and way proud of my dog.
As I made my way to the coffee pot I accidentally knocked a package of Christmas dog treats from their place on the shelf. They fell with a rattling bang! To the floor, and this got Campbell on the run. I just did barely have time to scoop up all the spilled treats before he could gobble them up, and was quite proud when he obeyed my command of “Rest!” And stopped just inside the kitchen door as I finished putting them away. Unknown to him however, just before he’d arrived onto the scene i had tucked one treat into the pocket of my PJS and although he may have smelled it he could not have been 100 % sure it was there. So, I was quite pleased when he happily obeyed my command of “heel!” As we walked back into the living room, and even more proud when he obeyed each of my commands as I put him through a round of obedience as I settled myself into “my chair.” Finally when he’d completed everything I had wished of him, he started to walk over to the chair on the other side of my table, and my heart filled with great happiness at his surprise when I called him back, showing the treat I’d taken from its hiding place. He really hadn’t known it was there, and he had simply obeyed me because he wanted to, and had I given him nothing but the praise and love for his effort that would’ve been enough. As I gave him his treat I told him how very proud I was of him, and as we once again loved together, with him sniffing my pockets to make absolutely certain there weren’t anymore surprises I said, “Bubba, I’d not trade one moment of our morning time together. Not even if someone offered me the rent paid in full every month on our house for the rest of our life. I love you very very much.” As I gave him one final kiss, and he went to the other chair, and settled himself in to continue his long winter’s nap my heart felt full to burstin with joy.
Later as I chatted with a friend, I felt myself feeling disappointed at her lack of pride and trust in her dog, and when I heard her talk of sending others on errands I knew she and her most magnificent beast could easily do together the sadness I felt for her was great. I finally could stand it no longer and finally said, “you know, if I were your friends and you asked me to go and do these things for you, I’d tell you to take that dog that it cost nearly $80000 to train, get off your ungrateful lazy ass, and do it yourself, but I guess that’s just me.” I’m sorry folks, if that sounds harsh, but it’s just how I feel. These dogs are awesome. They’re bred to work. They know nothing else, and it gives Campbell great joy to work for, or play with me, and it hurts my heart when I hear of dogs being wasted. The Seeing Eye does fabulous work. Their wise and ancient trainers spend allot of time, energy, and effort, and give allot of love just so folks like me can have them, and when they’re so very under appreciated it simply is to me a heart breaking waste, and I cannot even begin to imagine how it must hurt them to see it is so.
Anyhow, the happiness I feel at this moment as I ready myself to go out and run the needed errands to prepare for the weekend ahead, and King Campbell snoozes beside me is great, and I am ever grateful to all the folks who have made it more than possible for me to do so.
For now, this ends our tale, and we hope it has warmed your heart, and given you a bit of food for thought as you go onward with your day.
If you truly grasp the importance of the most awesome work time, effort, and money that goes into these most magnificent beasts, and you’d like to see that it continues for many years to come, please visit
And make your end of year tax deductible donation. You will be doing a great service, and as was once said to me, “be giving the very best Christmas gift in the world.”
Until next time this is King Campbell the most super awesome and amazing Seeing Eye Dog ever saying…
May harmony find you, and blessid may you be.
PS. No matter where your guides come from, make sure you love, and use them to the very best of your ability, and make certain to let them know just how much you appreciate them every chance you get.”

Got a letter from Grandma the other day. She writes:
The other day I went up to a local Christian bookstore and saw a “Honk If You Love Jesus” bumper sticker. I was feeling particularly sassy that day because I had just come from a thrilling Choir performance, followed by a thunderous Prayer meeting, so I bought the sticker and I put it on my bumper.
Boy, am I glad I did! What an up-lifting experience that followed! I was stopped at a red light at a busy intersection, just lost in thought about the Lord and how good He is . . . and I didn’t notice that the light had changed. It is a good thing someone else loves Jesus, because if he hadn’t honked, I’d never have noticed!
I found that lots of people loved Jesus! Why, while I was sitting there, the guy behind started honking like crazy, and then he leaned out of his window and screamed, “For the love of God! Go! Go! Go! Jesus Christ, Go!”
What an exuberant cheerleader he was for Jesus! Everyone started honking! I just leaned out of my window and started waiving and smiling at all these loving people. I even honked my horn a few times to share in the love.
There must have been a man from Florida back there because I heard him yelling something about a “sunny beach.” I saw another guy waving in a funny way with only his middle finger stuck up in the air. I asked my teenage grandson, who was sitting in the back seat, what it meant, and he said that it was probably a Hawaiian good luck sign or something. Well, I’ve never met anyone from Hawaii, so I leaned out the window and gave him the good luck sign back. My grandson burst out laughing. Why, even he was enjoying this religious experience!
A couple of the people were so caught up in the joy of the moment that they got out of their cars and started walking towards me. I bet they wanted to pray, or ask me what Church I attended. But this is when I noticed the light had changed. So I waved to all my sisters and brothers grinning, and drove on through the intersection.
I noticed I was the only car that got through the intersection before the light changed again and I felt kind of sad that I had to leave them after all the love we had shared. So I slowed the car down, leaned out of the window, and gave them all the Hawaiian good luck sign one last time as I drove away.
Praise the Lord for such wonderful folks!

*11 Words of Wisdom
a. “There is more hunger for love and appreciation in this world than for bread.” Mother Teresa –

b. Life is 10% what happens to you and 90% how you react to it. – Charles R. Swindoll

Leave a Reply

%d bloggers like this: